Food Safety in Pregnancy

4 Simple Steps to Food Safety:


Wash hands and surfaces after using.


Don’t cross-contaminate.


Cook to proper temperatures.


Refrigerate promptly and consistently.

For more information go to FDA Food Safety for Moms-to-Be »
Raw Eggs:  Salmonella risk; Do not eat

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables:  Peeling and cutting can spread harmful bacteria.  Thoroughly rinse raw fruits and vegetables under running water.

Raw Sprouts:  Bacteria can get into the sprout seeds through cracks in the shell.  Never eat raw.

Juices:  Only pasteurized. Un-pasteurized juices must have a WARNING on them, "WARNING: This product has not been pasteurized."

FISH & METHYLMERCURY:  Methylmercury can be found in certain fish. All fish absorb methylmercury from what they eat. Larger fish who have lived longer have greater amounts. Once ingested, methylmercury is removed from the body naturally; but this can take over a year to accomplish. May affect developing nervous system in baby.

 Do not eat: swordfish, tilefish, king mackerel, or shark.
 Any other fish may be eaten at 12 oz per week.
 Low mercury fish: shrimp, canned light tuna, salmon, pollock, catfish.
 Only 6 ounces of white Albacore tuna a week.

Sources:  Refrigerated, ready-to-eat foods made with un-pasteurized milk.
Can come from food processed in unsanitary conditions.
Most infections occur during the third trimester, when the immune system is particularly reduced. Mother my feel flu-like.
Third Trimester: PreTermLabor, LowBirthWeight, infant death.
First Trimester: miscarriage due to infection of the fetus.

 Refrigerate; throw out anything left out for two (2) hours or more.
 Eat ready to eat foods as soon as possible.
 Hot dogs and luncheon meat should be reheated until steaming hot.
 Soft cheeses must be made with pasteurized milk, read the label.
 No pates or meat spreads or smoked seafood.
 No raw milk.
 More common among Hispanics, who eat homemade un-pasteurized milk products.

TOXOPLASMOSIS:   Parasite found in:
 Raw and undercooked meat
 Unwashed fruits and vegetables
 Contaminated water
 Dirty cat litter of cats that spend a lot of time outdoors. Cats who eat small animals.

Mom: flu-like
Fetus: first trimester is the worst, can affect central nervous system development resulting in: Hearing loss, Mental retardation, Blindness, Eye problems.


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